Friday, December 15, 2023

How Social Media Can Help You Win a Parliamentary Seat in the Maldives

Are you a candidate who wants to win a parliamentary seat in the Maldives? If so, you might want to consider using social media as part of your campaign strategy. Social media is a term that refers to the online platforms and applications that allow people to create and share content, communicate, and interact with each other. Social media has become an integral part of modern society, especially for political campaigns, as it offers various benefits and challenges for candidates who seek to win parliamentary seats in the Maldives.

One of the main advantages of social media for political campaigns is that it allows candidates to reach wider audiences than traditional media and in real time. This means that candidates can communicate their message effectively and persuasively to potential voters. Social media can also help candidates to raise money, gain recognition, engage the public, fact-check their content, and interact with supporters and critics. For example, former president Mohamed Nasheed used his Facebook page to mobilize his supporters during his campaign for the 2019 parliamentary election. He posted updates on his activities, achievements, and vision for the country. He also responded to questions and comments from his followers. He received over 1.2 million likes and shares on his Facebook page during his campaign.

However, social media also poses some challenges for political campaigns, such as managing online reputation, dealing with misinformation and trolls, complying with regulations and ethics standards, and measuring the impact of social media activities. For instance, some candidates may face negative feedback or criticism from their opponents or online users. Some candidates may also be accused of spreading false or misleading information or propaganda. Some candidates may have to follow certain rules or guidelines regarding their use of social media platforms. Some candidates may also have difficulty in assessing how effective their social media presence is in influencing public opinion or voter behavior.

Therefore, social media can be a useful tool for political campaigns if used strategically and responsibly. Candidates should have a clear goal for their social media presence, choose the right platforms for their target audience, create consistent and authentic content that reflects their values and vision, monitor their online performance and feedback, and collaborate with other stakeholders such as volunteers, donors, experts, and allies. Social media can help candidates to communicate their message effectively and persuasively to potential voters. However, social media should not replace traditional forms of communication or campaigning. Candidates should also be aware of the risks and limitations of social media use.

Social media is a powerful tool that can help candidates win parliamentary seats in the Maldives by reaching wider audiences than traditional media and engaging them in real time. However, social media also requires careful planning and management by candidates who want to avoid negative consequences or misuse of their online platforms. Social media can complement but not substitute other forms of communication or campaigning by candidates who want to win parliamentary seats in the Maldives.

Friday, December 1, 2023

Micromanagement: A Counter-Productive Management Style

What is micromanagement?

Micromanagement is a management style where a manager closely observes, supervises and /or controls the work of their employees. People who micromanage immerse themselves in the work of others. This means that a micromanager often avoids delegating responsibilities to employees so the manager becomes the sole decision-maker (Coursera, n.d.).

Micromanagement is generally considered to have a negative connotation, suggesting a lack of freedom and trust in the workplace, and excessive focus on details at the expense of the "big picture" and larger goals (Wikipedia contributors, 2023).

Why do people micromanage?

People may micromanage for a variety of reasons, but it is often due to a fear of things not being done correctly and, thus a need to maintain close control. This could be due to unskilled employees, a lack of leadership ability, mistrust of others, low self-esteem, or a strong need to dominate and control (Wikipedia contributors, 2023).

According to the Harvard Business Review, it boils down to two reasons. The manager desires to feel connected to the lower levels of the organization. Losing touch with employees at the ground level is common as a person moves to more senior positions. This can have a detrimental effect if a manager does not understand the needs, motivations, and roles of those they manage. Staying close can be an attempt to counterbalance this and also reduce the feeling of isolation that moving up the ranks away from previous peers brings. Managers who move into more senior roles experience a shift in duties, which must move away from operations and become more strategic. This can be a difficult transition for some who, as a result, find it difficult to let go of their previous role and become too involved as it is an area of comfort for them. Coming from a position you used to do and were promoted from for doing well means it’s hard to accept someone else doing it and possibly not doing it 'your' way (Ruch, 2022).

Micromanagement vs. accountability

Sometimes there's confusion between ensuring that employees are accountable and micromanaging. They are not convergent because you cannot hold someone responsible by managing them so closely that they have no responsibility. To be held accountable, you need to take responsibility for your actions.

Micromanagement is managing a team extremely closely, engaging in excessive monitoring of staff, and attempting to control processes and workflow without allowing autonomy or a say in decisions. Micromanagement usually comes with good intentions, but monitoring employees so closely can damage motivation, workflow, and productivity (Coursera, n.d.).

Accountability is ensuring that employees are clear about their roles, expectations, and goals, and that they have the resources and support to achieve them. Accountability also involves providing feedback, recognition, and coaching to help employees grow and improve. Accountability empowers employees to make decisions, take ownership of their work, and learn from their mistakes (Indeed Editorial Team, 2021).

How to deal with micromanagement?

If you are a micromanager, you may want to consider the following tips to change your behavior and improve your relationship with your employees:

- Recognize the signs and costs of micromanagement. Ask yourself if you are constantly checking on your employees, giving them detailed instructions, or taking over their tasks. Think about how this affects their morale, performance, and creativity (Doyle, 2021).
- Trust your employees and delegate effectively. Hire competent people and give them the authority and autonomy to do their jobs. Provide clear expectations and goals, but avoid dictating every step of the process. Let them use their skills and judgment to solve problems and make decisions (Doyle, 2021).
- Focus on the big picture and the long-term vision. Instead of getting bogged down by the details, think about the overall objectives and outcomes of your team and organization. Align your actions and priorities with the strategic direction and communicate it to your employees (Doyle, 2021).
- Seek feedback and coaching. Ask your employees, peers, and superiors for honest and constructive feedback on your management style. Listen to their suggestions and opinions, and be open to change. You may also benefit from working with a mentor or a coach who can help you develop your leadership skills and overcome your challenges (Doyle, 2021).

If you are a micromanaged employee, you may want to consider the following tips to cope with the situation and improve your work environment:

- Understand the reasons and motivations behind micromanagement. Try to empathize with your manager and see things from their perspective. Maybe they are under pressure, insecure, or inexperienced. Maybe they have high standards, care about quality, or want to help you succeed (Wang, 2021).
- Communicate and build trust with your manager. Establish regular and frequent communication with your manager and keep them updated on your progress, challenges, and achievements. Anticipate their questions and concerns, and provide them with the information and reassurance they need. Show them that you are reliable, competent, and responsible (Wang, 2021).
- Negotiate and set boundaries with your manager. Discuss with your manager your preferred work style, expectations, and goals. Ask them for feedback, guidance, and support, but also for autonomy and flexibility. Agree on the level of involvement and supervision that works for both of you (Wang, 2021).
- Seek help and support from others. Talk to your colleagues, peers, or superiors who may have experienced or witnessed micromanagement. Seek their advice, insights, and solutions. You may also consider talking to a human resources professional or a counselor who can help you deal with the stress and frustration of micromanagement (Wang, 2021).


Micromanagement is a management style that can have negative effects on both managers and employees. It can reduce motivation, productivity, and creativity, and increase stress, turnover, and conflict. To avoid or overcome micromanagement, managers and employees need to communicate, trust, and respect each other, and focus on the common goals and vision of the organization.


Coursera. (n.d.). Micromanagement: What it is and how to deal with it.

Doyle, A. (2021, October 20). How to stop micromanaging your team. The Balance Careers.

Indeed Editorial Team. (2021, October 25). Accountability vs. micromanagement: What's the difference? Indeed Career Guide.

Ruch, W. (2022, September 9). How to stop micromanaging and start empowering. Harvard Business Review.

Wang, L. (2021, September 28). How to deal with a micromanager. The Muse.

Wikipedia contributors. (2023, November 29). Micromanagement. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

Monday, October 23, 2023

How Zionism Shaped the Middle East and the U.S. Foreign Policy

Zionism is a political and ideological movement that emerged in the late 19th century among some Jews who sought to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, the historical and religious land of Israel. Zionism was motivated by various factors, such as the persecution and discrimination that Jews faced in Europe, the rise of nationalism and colonialism, and the belief that Jews had a divine right and duty to return to Zion.  

Zionism had a significant impact on the history and politics of the Middle East, especially after World War I, when Britain took control of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire and issued the Balfour Declaration in 1917, which promised a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. The declaration was seen as a major victory for the Zionist movement, which had lobbied and campaigned for it in Britain and other countries. However, it also sparked resentment and resistance from the Arab population in Palestine, who felt betrayed and threatened by the British policy and the influx of Jewish immigrants.   

The conflict between the Zionists and the Arabs escalated over the years, leading to several wars, uprisings, massacres, and terrorist attacks. In 1948, following the United Nations partition plan that divided Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab, the Zionists declared the establishment of the state of Israel, which was recognized by many countries, including the United States. However, the Arab states rejected the partition plan and invaded Israel, triggering the first Arab-Israeli war. The war resulted in Israel's victory and expansion of its territory, as well as the displacement and dispossession of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, who became refugees in neighboring countries or within Israel itself.   

Since then, Israel has been involved in several wars and conflicts with its Arab neighbors and the Palestinian factions, such as Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Hezbollah, Hamas, and Fatah. Israel has also occupied and annexed parts of Palestine (the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip), as well as parts of Syria (the Golan Heights) and Egypt (the Sinai Peninsula). Israel has also built illegal settlements and walls in the occupied territories, violating international law and human rights. These actions have provoked condemnation and criticism from many countries and organizations around the world, as well as resistance and violence from the Palestinians and their supporters.   

Zionism has also influenced the U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East, especially since World War II, when the United States emerged as a superpower and a major ally of Israel. The U.S.-Israel alliance has been based on various factors, such as strategic interests (such as countering Soviet influence during the Cold War), economic interests (such as access to oil resources), cultural ties (such as shared values and democracy), religious affinities (such as Christian Zionism), and domestic politics (such as the Zionist lobby). The U.S. has provided Israel with military, economic, and diplomatic support over the years, such as weapons sales, aid packages, vetoes at the UN Security Council, peace initiatives, and security guarantees. The U.S. has also intervened in some of Israel's wars and conflicts with its enemies, such as Iraq in 1991 and 2003.   

However, Zionism has also faced opposition and criticism from various groups and individuals who challenge its legitimacy or morality. Some of these opponents are:

- Anti-Zionists: They reject the idea of a Jewish state in Palestine and consider it as a form of colonialism,
racism, or apartheid. They may support the rights and aspirations of the Palestinian people, who have been displaced and oppressed by Israel's occupation and policies. They may also criticize Israel's human rights violations, war crimes, and expansionism. Some examples of anti-Zionist groups are the Boycott,
Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement, Jewish Voice for Peace,
and Students for Justice in Palestine.

- Arab and Muslim countries and organizations: They view Israel as a threat to their security, sovereignty, and interests in the region. They may also resent the U.S. support for Israel, which they perceive as biased and unfair. They may seek to challenge Israel's legitimacy, isolate it diplomatically, or confront it militarily. Some examples of Arab and Muslim opponents of the Zionist lobby are Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, Hamas, and the Arab League.

- Non-interventionists and realists: They argue that the U.S. involvement in the Middle East is costly, counterproductive, and harmful to its national interests. They may question the strategic value and morality of the U.S.-Israel alliance, which they see as driven by domestic politics and pressure groups rather than by rational calculations. They may advocate for a more balanced and independent U.S. foreign policy that respects international law and human rights. Some examples of non-interventionist and realist critics of the Zionist lobby are Stephen Walt, John Mearsheimer, Ron Paul, and Andrew Bacevich.

Some famous anti-Zionist figures are:

- Albert Einstein (1879-1955), a renowned physicist and Nobel laureate, who rejected the idea of a Jewish state and advocated for a binational solution in Palestine. He also criticized the violence and extremism of some Zionist groups, such as the Irgun and the Stern Gang. He wrote in a letter to the New York Times in 1948: "Among the most disturbing political phenomena of our times is the emergence in the newly created state of Israel of the Freedom Party (Tnuat Haherut), a political party closely akin in its organization, methods, political philosophy and social appeal to the Nazi and Fascist parties."
- Noam Chomsky (1928-), a prominent linguist, philosopher, and political activist, who has been a vocal critic of Israel's policies and actions, especially its occupation of the Palestinian territories. He has also challenged the notion of Zionism as a liberation movement and exposed its historical links with imperialism and colonialism. He wrote in his book The Fateful Triangle (1983): "Zionism is not a national liberation movement but rather an offshoot of European settler colonialism."
- Hannah Arendt (1906-1975), a influential political theorist and philosopher, who opposed the establishment of a Jewish state and supported the rights of the Arab population in Palestine. She also denounced the expulsion and dispossession of the Palestinians by Israel in 1948, which she called "one of the most monstrous crimes in modern history". She wrote in her book The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951): "The tragedy of Zionism is that its success was made dependent upon a movement of world history which is bound to end in catastrophe for all peoples."
Zionism is a complex and controversial phenomenon that has shaped the Middle East and the U.S. foreign policy for over a century. It has been a source of inspiration and aspiration for some, and a source of oppression and resentment for others. It has also been a subject of debate and disagreement among scholars, politicians, activists, and ordinary people. Zionism is not a monolithic or static movement, but rather a diverse and dynamic one that has evolved and adapted over time and in response to changing circumstances and challenges. Zionism is not a simple or easy topic to understand or discuss, but rather a challenging and important one that requires further research and analysis.

Monday, October 9, 2023

Dr. Muizzu's presidency and the future of the Maldives

On September 30, 2023, Dr. Mohamed Muizzu was elected as the new President of the Maldives, marking a historic moment for the nation. Dr. Muizzu, former Housing Minister under President Abdulla Yameen, secured a significant victory over the incumbent Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, obtaining 54% of the vote, while Solih garnered 46%. This election marked the end of Solih's five-year term, which was marred by allegations of corruption, mismanagement, and external interference.

Dr. Muizzu campaigned on a nationalist platform, pledging to restore the sovereignty and dignity of the Maldives, which he asserted had been compromised during Solih's tenure. He also committed to revitalizing the Maldivian economy, which had suffered due to the adverse effects of tourism-related lockdowns, the primary source of income and foreign exchange for the island nation.

With a clear vision and a capable team, Dr. Muizzu aims to guide the Maldives through the challenges it faces and usher in a new era of prosperity and stability. His comprehensive agenda comprises 19 pivotal projects that are set to reshape the development landscape, with a particular focus on Malé City, the capital and most populous city in the country. These projects are organized around three overarching themes: ensuring economic stability, catalyzing a revolutionary transformation, and fostering economic expansion.

Nonetheless, Dr. Muizzu is not without his share of challenges, both domestically and internationally, that could potentially complicate his efforts. These include:

1. The Middle East conflict, which could impact the Maldives' security, stability, and prosperity.
2. Managing the presence of foreign workers, who constitute approximately 25% of the population, posing social and economic complexities.
3. Resolving ongoing disputes over Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) with Mauritius since 2010.
4. Tackling the high national debt, which reached 107.5% of GDP in 2020, primarily due to extensive infrastructure projects funded by external loans.
5. Averting a looming debt crisis, with projected annual debt obligations of $1 billion by 2026.
6. Addressing congestion and pollution issues in Malé City, which suffers from inadequate housing, water supply, sanitation, and waste management.
7. Dealing with land and apartment allotment concerns in the Greater Malé region, leading to protests and complaints from residents who feel excluded or unjustly evicted.
8. Navigating the strategic interests of both India and China, two influential nations with competing investments in the Maldives.
9. Managing the recovery from COVID-19, which has adversely affected the health and livelihoods of many Maldivians.

Strategies to Address These Challenges

Dr. Muizzu must tread carefully, avoiding taking sides in the Middle East conflict or antagonizing any influential powers that could obstruct his economic recovery plans or political stability. He will also need to contend with opposition from Solih's party, the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), which retains a majority in parliament and could seek to impede or delay his policies.

Dr. Muizzu has signaled his intent to pursue a pro-Maldives foreign policy, departing from Solih's tilt toward India. Concurrently, he has expressed support for Palestine and condemnation of Israel's actions, potentially impacting relations with key partners and donors, who maintain close ties with Israel and oppose Iran's role in the region.

Simultaneously, Dr. Muizzu aims to enhance relations with India based on mutual respect for sovereignty and plans to restructure the repayment of loans acquired during Solih's administration from India.

Furthermore, addressing the welfare of foreign workers residing and working in the Maldives will be a priority, ensuring they receive fair treatment, access to essential services such as healthcare and education, protection from exploitation, and integration into Maldivian society.

Resolution of the EEZ disputes with Mauritius, crucial for maritime security and resource management, will demand dialogue and negotiation to reach a mutually acceptable solution that safeguards the Maldives' sovereignty and interests.

Dr. Muizzu's fiscal challenges include reducing the nation's debt burden, a task necessitating a pragmatic approach, improved revenue collection through tax system enhancements, and prudent expenditure management by prioritizing essential needs and eliminating wasteful spending.

To avert a looming debt crisis, Dr. Muizzu must skillfully manage the nation's debt through negotiations with creditors to extend maturities, lower interest rates, or restructure loan principals, while also seeking debt relief or forgiveness from friendly nations and international organizations.

Addressing congestion and pollution in Malé City demands significant investments in infrastructure and services, including affordable housing, water network expansion, sewerage system upgrades, and a comprehensive solid waste management strategy. Promoting public transportation and renewable energy adoption will further enhance urban sustainability.

Addressing land and apartment allotment concerns requires a thorough review of existing policies and procedures to ensure transparency, fairness, and inclusivity, coupled with active engagement with residents to address grievances adequately.

Balancing the strategic interests of India and China, both of which have substantial influence and investments in the Maldives, is crucial to safeguard national sovereignty and independence from external pressures or interference.

Finally, managing the post-COVID-19 recovery involves securing adequate vaccines and medical supplies, supporting the tourism sector through eased travel restrictions and improved health protocols, and revitalizing education and social services disrupted by the pandemic.

Transformative Potential of Dr. Muizzu's 19 Pivotal Projects

Dr. Muizzu's vision, accompanied by a competent team, promises to guide the Maldives towards a brighter future through 19 transformative initiatives. These initiatives will particularly reshape the development landscape of Malé City, the nation's capital and most populous area, focusing on three key themes: economic stability, revolutionary transformation, and economic expansion.

Among the notable commitments within these projects are:

- The construction of 65,000 flats in the Greater Malé region, offering affordable housing solutions and alleviating congestion and pollution.
- The target of increasing Maldives' GDP to MVR 150 billion in the next five years, thus enhancing living standards and reducing poverty.
- The ambitious goal of reducing public debt to single digits while raising gross reserves to USD 1 billion to ensure fiscal sustainability and resilience.
- A comprehensive approach to bolstering the tourism sector through relaxed travel regulations, improved health protocols, and effective promotion of the Maldives as a tourist destination.
- Strategic investments in climate-resilient infrastructure, renewable energy, marine conservation, and waste management to safeguard the environment and natural resources.
- A commitment to enhance public services, particularly in healthcare, education, and social protection, to improve service quality and efficiency.
- Encouragement of private sector growth and competitiveness through improved business environments, strengthened governance and institutions, promotion of innovation and digitalization, and support for small businesses, all contributing to job creation and opportunities.
- Strengthening regional cooperation and integration with neighboring countries to expand trade, tourism, and connectivity, thereby broadening the market and network for the Maldives.

These projects are anticipated to have a profound positive impact on the Maldives' economic, social, and environmental development. They are expected to create employment opportunities, particularly for youth and women, enhance the quality and efficiency of public services in healthcare, education, and social protection, and contribute to the preservation of the nation's natural resources.

Dr. Muizzu, along with his dedicated team, has diligently formulated these transformative projects (undoubtedly) with the invaluable support and cooperation of various stakeholders, including local councils, the private sector, civil society, and the international community. Ensuring transparency, accountability, and inclusivity has been at the forefront of their efforts, ensuring that these projects align with the needs and aspirations of the Maldivian people.

As citizens of the Maldives, it is our duty to acknowledge and stand behind Dr. Muizzu and his team as they endeavor to shape our nation through these 19 pivotal projects. We should actively participate and contribute to these initiatives by offering our feedback, suggestions, and ideas. Additionally, we must vigilantly monitor and evaluate these projects, holding our leaders accountable for their performance and outcomes.

Dr. Muizzu's presidency marks a pivotal moment in the Maldives' history. His strategic vision, accompanied by a dedicated team and transformative projects, has the potential to usher in a brighter future for the nation, addressing numerous challenges and revitalizing key sectors of the economy. It is now incumbent upon the citizens of the Maldives to actively engage in and support these initiatives, thereby contributing to the nation's growth and prosperity.

I extend my heartfelt prayers for Dr. Muizzu's success and well-being during his forthcoming presidential term. I wish him and team the best of luck in fulfilling their ambitious development commitments for the Maldivian people. May Allah bless Dr. Muizzu and team, and may our nation thrive as a result. Ameen.

Sunday, October 8, 2023

Looking for employment in Maldives? Here is a Helpful Guide for Overseas Job Seekers

Maldives is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean, known for its stunning beaches, coral reefs, and luxury resorts. It is also a popular destination for tourists, especially from Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. But what is it like to work and live in Maldives? What are the opportunities and challenges for overseas job seekers who want to pursue a career in this tropical paradise?

In this blogpost, I will provide you with some insights and tips on how to find a job in Maldives, based on the latest data and information available. I will cover topics such as the minimum wage, the average salary, the cost of living, and the visa requirements. I will also share some of the best websites and resources to help you with your job search.

Minimum Wage in Maldives

One of the first things you need to know before applying for a job in Maldives is the minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount of money that an employer can legally pay to an employee for their work. It is usually expressed as an hourly rate or a monthly wage.

Maldives has recently established its minimum wage for the first time in November 2021. The minimum wage was set by the Economic Ministry based on the recommendations of the Minimum Wage Board, which considered various factors such as economic conditions, cost of living, and business classification. The minimum wage will be effective from January 2022 and will be implemented based on the size of the businesses. The minimum wage rates are as follows:

- Small businesses: MVR 21.63 hourly rate, MVR 4,500 monthly wage
- Medium businesses: MVR 33.65 hourly rate, MVR 7,000 monthly wage
- Large businesses: MVR 38.46 hourly rate, MVR 8,000 monthly wage

The Economic Ministry stated that the minimum wage will stimulate the growth and promote inclusive growth, while ensuring the livelihood of the workforce is improved. However, the ministry also acknowledged that the minimum wage rates were lower than the original recommendations of the Minimum Wage Board due to the economic implications of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Maldives' minimum wage is currently lower than some of its neighboring countries, such as India and Sri Lanka, which have minimum wages of around MVR 6,000 and MVR 9,000 respectively. However, the Maldives' minimum wage is higher than some other countries in the region, such as Bangladesh and Pakistan, which have minimum wages of around MVR 3,000 and MVR 2,000 respectively.

The Maldives' minimum wage is also lower than some of the developed countries that use similar methodologies to determine their minimum wage rates, such as Australia and Canada, which have minimum wages of around MVR 30,000 and MVR 20,000 respectively. However, these countries also have higher costs of living and different economic conditions than the Maldives.

The establishment of a minimum wage in the Maldives is a significant milestone for the country's labor market and social welfare. However, it also poses some challenges and criticisms, such as its impact on employment, productivity, competitiveness, and income inequality. Therefore, it is important to monitor and evaluate the effects of the minimum wage on the economy and society over time.

Average Salary in Maldives

Another thing you need to know before applying for a job in Maldives is the average salary. The average salary is the total amount of money that an employee receives from their employer for their work over a period of time. It is usually expressed as an annual or monthly income.

According to my rearch, the average salary in Maldives is 493,038 MVR per year, based on 207 salary surveys. The monthly salary range for people working in Maldives is from 9,976.00 MVR to 40,330.00 MVR, or from 10,768.00 MVR to 42,001.00 MVR, depending on the employer. These are the total monthly salaries including bonuses. The actual salaries may vary depending on the position, qualification, experience, and employer.

The average salary also differs by gender, education, experience, job sector, and geographical location. For example, men receive an average salary of 580,545 MVR, while women receive a salary of 297,202 MVR. People with a Doctorate Degree earn an average salary of 1,056,376 MVR, while people with a High School education earn an average salary of 107,793 MVR. People with 16-20 Years of experience earn an average salary of 850,029 MVR, while people with less than 1 Year of experience earn an average salary of 77,000 MVR.

Some of the highest paying careers in Maldives are Aviation & Shipping,
Engineers & Technicians IV, Management & Business, and Health Care & Medical II. Some of the lowest paying careers are Customer Services, Salesmen & Saleswomen, and Food Service Workers. The salary range also varies by location within Maldives. For example, the average salary in Male is higher than the average salary in Addu City.

The average salary in Maldives reflects the level of income and living standards of the people in the country. However, it also indicates
the degree of income inequality and poverty that exists in the society.
Therefore, it is important to consider
the distribution and adequacy of income when applying for a job in Maldives.

Cost of Living in Maldives

The cost of living in Maldives is the amount of money needed to cover the basic expenses of living in the country, such as food, housing, transportation, utilities, healthcare, and entertainment. The cost of living in Maldives varies depending on the location, lifestyle, and personal preferences of the individual or household.

According to my research, the cost of living in Maldives is higher than the global average and some of the neighboring countries. The main factors that contribute to the high cost of living are the high cost of food and water, which are mostly imported from other countries, and the high demand for tourism and luxury services. The cost of living in Maldives also depends on the exchange rate of the Maldivian rufiyaa (MVR) against other currencies, such as the US dollar (USD).

One way to measure the cost of living in Maldives is to use a price index that compares the prices of a basket of goods and services across different countries. One such index is Numbeo, which provides data on
various aspects of living costs, such as restaurants, markets, transportation, utilities, sports and leisure, childcare, clothing, and rent.
According to Numbeo, the cost of living index for Maldives is 54.71 as of August 2023, which means that
Maldives is 45.29% cheaper than
the average country in the world.
However, this index does not include rent, which is a significant expense for many people in the Maldives.

Another way to measure the cost of living in Maldives is to use an average salary or income that reflects the purchasing power of the people in the country. According to, the average salary after taxes in Maldives is $803 per month as of 2023, which is enough to cover living expenses for 0.7 months. This means that most people in Maldives have to work more than one month to afford one month of living costs. However,
this average salary may not represent the actual income distribution and inequality in the country.

The cost of living in Maldives can also be estimated by using a budget calculator that takes into account various expenses and income sources for a specific individual or household. One such calculator is, which provides a detailed breakdown of monthly costs for different categories and scenarios. According to, the total cost of living for a single person in Maldives is around $2,143 per month as of September 2023, which includes rent, utilities, food, transportation, entertainment, and other expenses. However, this budget may not reflect the actual spending habits and preferences of each person.

The cost of living in Maldives is influenced by many factors and can vary significantly depending on the situation and needs of each person or household. Therefore, it is important to do your own research and compare different sources of information before making any decisions or plans related to living in Maldives.

Visa Requirements for Maldives

The visa requirements for Maldives are the rules and regulations that govern the entry and stay of foreign nationals in the country. The visa requirements depend on the purpose, duration, and frequency of the visit, as well as the nationality and passport of the visitor.

According to my research, Maldives has a very liberal visa policy that allows visa-free entry for all nationalities for up to 30 days. The only requirement is to have a valid passport, a confirmed return ticket, and enough funds to cover the expenses during the stay. The visa can be extended for another 60 days by paying a fee and providing proof of accommodation. However, this visa is only valid for tourism purposes and does not allow any work or business activities.

If you want to work or do business in Maldives, you will need to obtain a different type of visa, such as a work visa or a business visa. These visas require an invitation or sponsorship from an employer or a business partner in Maldives, as well as other documents and fees. The process and duration of obtaining these visas may vary depending on the case and the authority.

If you want to study or volunteer in Maldives, you will also need to obtain a specific type of visa, such as a student visa or a volunteer visa. These visas require an acceptance letter or an agreement from an educational institution or a non-governmental organization in Maldives, as well as other documents and fees. The process and duration of obtaining these visas may also vary depending on the case and the authority.

The visa requirements for Maldives are subject to change without prior notice. Therefore, it is advisable to check the latest information from the official sources before traveling to Maldives. Some of the reliable sources are:

- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Maldives: []
- The Immigration Department of Maldives: []
- The Embassy or Consulate of Maldives in your country: []

How to Find a Job in Maldives

Finding a job in Maldives can be challenging but rewarding. There are many opportunities for skilled and qualified professionals in various sectors, such as tourism, hospitality, education, health, finance, engineering, and IT. However, there are also many challenges, such as competition, language barriers, cultural differences, legal issues, and environmental risks.

To find a job in Maldives, you will need to do some research and preparation. Here are some steps and tips that can help you with your job search:

- Identify your skills and qualifications: You will need to assess your strengths andweaknesses, and match them with the job requirements and expectations in Maldives. You will also need to update your resume and cover letter to highlight your relevant skills and qualifications.

- Explore the job market: You will need to research the job opportunities and trends in Maldives, and identify the sectors and employers that suit your interests and goals. You will also need to network with people who work or have worked in Maldives, and seek their advice and referrals.

- Apply for jobs: You will need to find and apply for jobs that match your profile and preferences. You can use various sources and methods to find jobs, such as online job portals, newspapers, magazines, social media, recruitment agencies, and personal contacts. You will also need to prepare for the application process, such as writing a customized application letter, filling out forms, submitting documents, and taking tests.

- Prepare for interviews: You will need to prepare for the interviews that you may be invited to by the potential employers. You will need to practice your communication skills, anticipate the questions and answers, dress appropriately, and be punctual. You will also need to demonstrate your enthusiasm, confidence, and professionalism during the interviews.

- Negotiate the offer: You will need to negotiate the offer that you may receive from the employer after the interviews. You will need to consider the salary, benefits, working hours, contract duration, and other terms and conditions of the offer. You will also need to compare the offer with other options and opportunities that you may have.

- Accept the job: You will need to accept the job that you are satisfied with and confirm your acceptance with the employer. You will also need to complete the formalities and procedures required by the employer and the authorities, such as signing the contract, obtaining the visa, booking the flight, and arranging the accommodation.

Finding a job in Maldives can be a rewarding experience that can enhance your career and personal growth. However, it can also be a challenging process that requires patience, persistence, and preparation. Therefore, it is important to do your homework and plan ahead before applying for a job in Maldives.

Best Websites and Resources for Finding a Job in Maldives

To help you with your job search in Maldives, here are some of the best websites and resources that you can use:

- [] This is one of the leading online job portals in Maldives that offers a wide range of job opportunities in various sectors and locations. You can browse, search, filter, and apply for jobs online. You can also create your profile, upload your resume, and receive job alerts.

- [] This is another popular online job portal in Maldives that provides a platform for job seekers and employers to connect. You can find jobs in different categories, such as accounting, administration, engineering, hospitality, IT, and tourism. You can also register, post your resume, and get career advice.

- [] This is an innovative online job portal in Maldives that aims to make job hunting easy and fun. You can discover jobs in various industries,
such as education, finance, healthcare, media, and retail.
You can also create your profile, upload your portfolio, and apply for jobs with one click.

- LinkedIn: [] This is a global social networking site for professionals that allows you to build your online presence, network with other professionals, and find jobs in Maldives. You can create your profile,
showcase your skills and achievements, and search for jobs by keywords, companies, or locations.
You can also follow companies, join groups, and get recommendations.

- Indeed: [] This is a worldwide online job search engine that aggregates millions of jobs from thousands of sources. You can find jobs in Maldives by typing keywords or locations in the search box. You can also upload your resume, create job alerts, and research companies.

These are some of the best websites and resources for finding a job in Maldives. However, there are many other sources and methods that you can use to find jobs in Maldives. Therefore, it is advisable to explore different options and opportunities before settling for one.


Maldives is a beautiful country that offers many opportunities for overseas job seekers who want to work and live in a tropical paradise. However, finding a job in Maldives can also be challenging due to various factors such as competition, language barriers, cultural differences, legal issues, and environmental risks. Therefore, it is important to do some research and preparation before applying for a job in Maldives.

Saturday, October 7, 2023

How to Fight Corruption in Developing Countries: A Guide for Policy and Education

Corruption is a major obstacle to development and poverty reduction in many countries. It involves the misuse of power for personal gain, and it affects every sector of society, from the economy and the environment to health and human rights. However, corruption can be tackled with effective policies and education. This blog post will explore some of the ways to do so, with a focus on the Maldives as a case study.

Understanding Corruption:
Corruption can take many forms, such as bribery, embezzlement, nepotism, and cronyism. It is not only detrimental to the economy; it also erodes trust, hinders development, and perpetuates inequality. Some of the factors that contribute to corruption in the Maldives are:

- The high cost of living and low wages that make people vulnerable to bribery and exploitation.
- The lack of transparency and accountability in the government and public institutions that create opportunities for corruption.
- The weak enforcement of laws and regulations that allow corrupt individuals to escape justice.

Policy-Level Reforms:
Policy-level reforms are essential to reduce corruption and improve governance. Some of the reforms that can be implemented are:

1. Transparent Governance:
   - Open and transparent government practices can be adopted.
   - Budgets, contracts, and public expenditure details can be published online for public scrutiny.
   - Whistleblower protection laws can be strengthened to encourage reporting of corruption.

2. Strengthening Institutions:
   - The judiciary and law enforcement agencies can be invested in to ensure their independence and effectiveness.
   - Anti-corruption bodies with real powers and resources can be established to investigate and prosecute corrupt individuals.

3. Reduce Bureaucratic Red Tape:
   - Government processes can be simplified and digitized to reduce opportunities for bribery.
   - E-governance initiatives can be introduced to increase efficiency and transparency.

4. Public Awareness Campaigns:
   - Public awareness campaigns can be launched to educate citizens about the costs of corruption.
   - A culture of integrity and civic responsibility can be encouraged.

The Role of Education:
Education plays a pivotal role in the fight against corruption. Here's how:

1. Ethical Education:
   - Ethics and anti-corruption education can be introduced from an early age.
   - The values of honesty, accountability, and integrity can be taught in schools.

2. Civic Education:
   - Civic education can be promoted to empower citizens with knowledge about their rights and responsibilities.
   - Active participation in democracy and governance can be encouraged.

3. Strengthening Critical Thinking:
   - Critical thinking skills can be fostered to enable citizens to question and challenge corrupt practices.
   - Media literacy can be taught to help people distinguish between credible and biased information sources.

4. Vocational Training and Employment Opportunities:
   - Vocational training and job opportunities can be provided for youth to reduce their vulnerability to corruption.
   - Education can lead to meaningful employment.

Combatting corruption in developing countries is a complex and long-term endeavor, but it's not impossible. By implementing policy-level reforms that promote transparency and accountability and by prioritizing ethical education within the education sector, we can pave the way for a brighter future. The younger generation has a crucial role to play in this fight, and together, we can break the cycle of corruption and build more just and equitable societies.

Wednesday, October 4, 2023

Should MPs have a minimum educational qualification?

The Maldives is a young democracy that has undergone several political transitions in the past decade. The role of the parliament, or the People's Majlis, is crucial in ensuring the stability and development of the nation. The Majlis has the authority to enact, amend and revise laws, as well as to oversee the executive and the judiciary branches of the government. Therefore, it is important that the members of the Majlis are competent, qualified and capable of fulfilling their duties.

However, what constitutes a suitable qualification for an MP? Should there be a minimum educational requirement for candidates who wish to run for the parliament? This is a question that has been debated in many countries, including the Maldives. Some argue that MPs should have at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent, while others contend that education is not a necessary criterion for political representation.

According to the Constitution of the Maldives, the eligibility criteria for an MP are as follows:

- Be a citizen of the Maldives
- Be a Muslim and follower of Sunni school of Islam
- Be at least 18 years of age
- Not have a decreed debt that is not being paid as per schedule
- Not have been convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to a term of more than twelve months, unless a period of three years has elapsed since his release, or he has been pardoned for the offence for which he was sentenced
- Not have a mental disorder

As can be seen, there is no mention of any educational qualification in the constitution. This means that anyone who meets the above criteria can run for the parliament, regardless of their level of education. However, some may argue that this is not sufficient, and that MPs should have at least some formal education to be able to understand and deal with complex issues that affect the country.

One of the arguments in favor of having a minimum educational qualification for MPs is that it would ensure a certain standard of knowledge and skills among the legislators. MPs are expected to draft, debate and pass laws that affect various aspects of the society and the economy. They also need to scrutinize and hold accountable the actions and policies of the government and other institutions. Therefore, they need to have a good grasp of various subjects such as law, economics, politics, social sciences, environment, etc. Having a minimum educational qualification would ensure that MPs have at least some exposure and familiarity with these topics.

Another argument in favor of having a minimum educational qualification for MPs is that it would enhance the credibility and legitimacy of the parliament. MPs are representatives of the people, and they need to earn their trust and respect. Having a minimum educational qualification would show that MPs are serious and committed to their role, and that they have invested time and effort in acquiring knowledge and skills relevant to their work. It would also signal to the public that MPs are competent and qualified to make decisions on their behalf.

However, there are also counterarguments against having a minimum educational qualification for MPs. One of them is that education is not a reliable indicator of intelligence, ability or performance. There are many examples of successful leaders, entrepreneurs, innovators and activists who did not have formal education or who dropped out of school. Conversely, there are also examples of educated people who failed or caused harm in their fields. Therefore, having a minimum educational qualification does not guarantee that MPs will be effective or ethical in their work.

Another counterargument against having a minimum educational qualification for MPs is that it would exclude many potential candidates who may have valuable experience, skills and qualities that are not reflected in their academic credentials. There are many people who may have acquired knowledge and skills through informal or non-formal means, such as self-study, work experience, community service, etc. There are also people who may have faced barriers or challenges in accessing formal education due to various reasons such as poverty, discrimination, disability, etc. These people may have valuable insights and perspectives that could enrich the parliament and benefit the society.

Moreover, having a minimum educational qualification for MPs could undermine the principle of democracy and representation. MPs are elected by the people based on their choice and preference. The people have the right to choose who they want to represent them in the parliament, regardless of their educational background. Having a minimum educational qualification could limit the pool of candidates available for election, and reduce the diversity and representation of different groups and interests in the parliament.

Therefore, having a minimum educational qualification for MPs is not a simple or straightforward issue. There are pros and cons on both sides of the debate. However, one thing that can be agreed upon is that MPs need to have certain traits and skills that enable them to perform their role effectively and responsibly. These include integrity, honesty, communication skills, critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, teamwork skills, etc. These traits and skills can be acquired through various means, not necessarily through formal education.

Furthermore, MPs need to have a genuine interest and passion for serving the people and the nation. They need to have a clear vision and mission for their work, and a commitment to uphold the values and principles of democracy, human rights and justice. They need to be accountable and transparent to the people, and responsive to their needs and aspirations. They need to be willing to learn, improve and adapt to the changing circumstances and challenges that they face.

Therefore, rather than focusing on the minimum educational qualification for MPs, perhaps it would be more productive and meaningful to focus on the qualities and skills that MPs need to have, and how they can be developed and assessed. Perhaps it would also be more democratic and inclusive to let the people decide who they want to represent them in the parliament, based on their own criteria and judgment. After all, MPs are not employees or experts, but representatives of the citizens.

Tuesday, October 3, 2023

Selecting the Best Candidates for High Government Positions: Prioritizing Competency and Integrity

High government positions, such as cabinet ministers, ambassadors, judges, or heads of government offices, require individuals who possess not only the relevant skills and knowledge, but also the ethical values and principles that guide their actions. Competency and integrity are two key attributes that are essential for public service leaders, as they affect their performance, credibility, and accountability. In this article, I will discuss why competency and integrity are important for high government positions, and how they can be assessed and enhanced in the selection process.

Competency refers to the ability to perform a task or role effectively and efficiently, using the appropriate knowledge, skills, abilities, and behaviors. Competency can be measured by various criteria, such as education, experience, qualifications, achievements, or performance indicators. For high government positions, competency also involves having a strategic vision, a comprehensive understanding of the policy context, a strong leadership style, and an effective communication skill. Competency is important for high government positions because it ensures that the candidates have the capacity to handle complex and challenging situations, to make sound decisions based on evidence and analysis, to manage resources and risks, and to deliver results that meet the expectations of the public and the stakeholders.

Integrity refers to the adherence to a moral code based on relevant ethical values and normative principles. Integrity can be demonstrated by various behaviors, such as honesty, fairness, benevolence, respect, accountability, transparency, or professionalism. Integrity is important for high government positions because it establishes trust and confidence in the public service, as well as in the government as a whole. Integrity also prevents corruption and misconduct, which can undermine the legitimacy and effectiveness of the public service. Integrity also promotes a culture of ethics and responsibility among public servants, which enhances their motivation and commitment to serve the public interest.

The selection process for high government positions should prioritize competency and integrity as the main criteria for evaluating the candidates. This can be done by using various methods and tools that can assess both aspects objectively and comprehensively. Some examples of these methods and tools are:

- Competency-based interviews: These are structured interviews that ask behavioral questions that relate to specific competencies required for the position. The candidates are expected to provide examples of situations where they demonstrated those competencies in their previous or current roles. The answers are then rated according to predefined scales or rubrics that measure the level of competency displayed by the candidates.

- Integrity tests: These are tests that measure the candidates' ethical values and principles, as well as their tendency to engage in dishonest or unethical behaviors. The tests can be either overt or covert. Overt tests are self-report questionnaires that ask the candidates to rate their agreement or disagreement with various statements that reflect their moral beliefs or attitudes. Covert tests are situational judgment tests that present hypothetical scenarios that involve ethical dilemmas or conflicts of interest. The candidates are then asked to choose or rank the best or worst courses of action in those scenarios.

- Background checks: These are investigations that verify the accuracy and validity of the information provided by the candidates in their resumes or applications. The investigations can also reveal any past or present issues or incidents that may affect the candidates' suitability for the position. The background checks can include checking criminal records, credit reports, employment history, education credentials, references, social media profiles, or other sources of information.

- Assessment centers: These are simulations that recreate realistic situations or tasks that are relevant to the position. The candidates are observed and evaluated by trained assessors who use standardized criteria and methods to measure their performance. The simulations can include case studies, role plays, group exercises, presentations, or written tests.

The selection process for high government positions should also aim to enhance competency and integrity among the candidates by providing them with feedback, guidance, training, or mentoring. This can help them identify their strengths and weaknesses, improve their skills and knowledge, develop their ethical awareness and judgment, and foster their commitment to public service values and principles.

Competency and integrity are vital attributes for high government positions that affect their performance, credibility, and accountability. The selection process should prioritize these attributes by using various methods and tools that can assess and enhance them effectively and efficiently. By doing so, the selection process can ensure that only the best and most qualified candidates are appointed to serve the public interest with excellence and integrity.

Tuesday, September 26, 2023

Ibrahim Mohamed Solih's Failed Presidency in the Maldives.

The Maldives is heading to a runoff election on September 30, 2023, after none of the candidates secured more than 50 percent of the votes in the first round held on September 9. The incumbent president Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, who is seeking re-election, will face Mohamed Muizzu, the vice president of the Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM), which is backed by former president Abdulla Yameen. The question that many Maldivians are asking is whether Solih deserves a second term, or whether he has failed to deliver on his promises and address the challenges facing the nation.

Solih came to power in 2018, after defeating Yameen in a surprise victory that ended five years of authoritarian rule (allegedly). Solih promised to restore democracy, fight corruption, improve the economy, and balance the foreign relations of the Maldives. However, after nearly five years in office, Solih’s administration has been plagued by multiple crises and controversies that have undermined his credibility and performance.

One of the most prominent issues facing Solih’s administration is its heavy dependence on India for financial and security assistance. Since coming to power, Solih has adopted an ‘India First’ policy, which has resulted in several agreements and initiatives with India, such as a $1.4 billion financial assistance package, a currency swap agreement, a defense cooperation agreement, and various infrastructure projects. While these agreements have provided some benefits to the Maldives, such as improving connectivity, health care, and human resource development, they have also raised concerns about the Maldives’ sovereignty and autonomy. The presence of Indian military personnel and assets in the Maldives, such as helicopters, radars, and patrol vessels, has sparked debates among Maldivian politicians and civil society regarding potential threats to the nation’s independence and territorial integrity. Moreover, the Maldives’ alignment with India has also strained its relations with other regional powers, such as China and Pakistan, which have accused India of interfering in the Maldives’ internal affairs.

Another major challenge faced by Solih’s administration is the allegations of corruption and nepotism within the government. Critics argue that Solih has favored family members and close associates in government appointments and contract awards, violating the principles of merit and transparency. For instance, Solih’s brother-in-law Mohamed Shainee was appointed as the Minister of Fisheries, Marine Resources and Agriculture, while his nephew Ahmed Nasir was appointed as the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. Furthermore, several contracts for infrastructure projects funded by India were awarded to companies owned or linked to Solih’s family members or political allies, such as Island Expert Pvt Ltd and Gulf Cobla Pvt Ltd. These allegations have eroded public trust in the government and hindered effective governance.

A third challenge faced by Solih’s administration is the rampant mismanagement across various government bodies. Inefficiencies and a lack of transparency have hindered the effective functioning of key institutions, impacting service delivery and public welfare. For example, the Auditor General’s Office has reported several cases of irregularities, wastage, and fraud in various ministries and agencies, such as the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, the Maldives Police Service, and the Maldives Immigration. Moreover, the administration has failed to implement adequate measures to ensure accountability and oversight over these institutions, such as strengthening anti-corruption laws, establishing independent commissions, and conducting regular audits.

A fourth challenge faced by Solih’s administration is the severe government debt crisis. The administration has incurred high levels of public debt due to its high spending without commensurate economic benefits. The nation’s debt-to-GDP ratio has reached unsustainable levels, reaching 140 percent in 2020. This poses significant risks to the country’s financial stability, as it increases its vulnerability to external shocks, such as fluctuations in global commodity prices, exchange rates, interest rates, and tourism demand. The administration’s failure to manage this crisis has resulted in increased economic vulnerability.

A fifth challenge faced by Solih’s administration is the lack of substantial infrastructure development initiatives. Despite significant spending, the administration has failed to deliver substantial infrastructure development initiatives that would improve the country’s economic prospects and living standards. The administration has focused on small-scale projects that have limited impact or feasibility, such as building artificial islands, constructing bridges, or renovating airports. These projects have also been plagued by delays, cost overruns, or poor quality. The administration has neglected more urgent and strategic infrastructure needs, such as improving water supply, sanitation5, waste management, renewable energy, transportation, health care facilities, education facilities, and disaster resilience.

The final challenge faced by Solih’s administration is the COVID-19 pandemic, which has hit the Maldives hard. The Maldives has reported over 186,000 coronavirus cases and 316 deaths as of September 23, 20233. While the figures have remained relatively low for the most part, COVID-19 cases jumped to a record high in January 2023 due to the emergence of the Omicron variant, with a record 18,665 confirmed cases in one week. The administration has struggled to contain the spread of the virus, despite imposing travel restrictions, lockdowns, and curfews. The administration has also faced criticism for its slow and uneven vaccination campaign, which has only covered about 60 percent of the population as of September 2023. The pandemic has also severely affected the tourism sector, which is the main source of income and employment for the Maldives. The tourism arrivals have dropped by more than 50 percent in 2020 and 2021 compared to pre-pandemic levels, resulting in huge losses for the industry and the economy.

In conclusion, Solih’s administration has failed to address the multiple challenges facing the nation, and has jeopardized its economic stability and sovereignty. Solih has not delivered on his promises of restoring democracy, fighting corruption, improving the economy, and balancing the foreign relations of the Maldives. Instead, he has relied on India for financial and security assistance, favored his family members and allies in government affairs, mismanaged various government bodies, incurred high levels of public debt, failed to deliver substantial infrastructure development initiatives, and struggled to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, Solih does not deserve a second term as president, and Maldivians should vote for a change in leadership that can secure the nation’s future.

- Ahmed, Aishath. 2023. "Maldives' COVID-19 cases hit record high amid Omicron surge." Maldives Times, January 10. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Ali, Mohamed. 2021. "Maldives' debt-to-GDP ratio reaches 140 percent." The Edition, December 31. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Anand, Geeta. 2020. "India and China vie for influence in the Maldives." The New York Times, August 31. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Auditor General's Office. 2021. "Annual Report 2020." Auditor General's Office, Maldives. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Ministry of Tourism. 2021. "Tourism Statistics: Annual Report 2020." Ministry of Tourism, Maldives. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Naseer, Mohamed. 2019. "India-Maldives defence cooperation agreement signed.", December 14. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Rasheed, Zaheena. 2018. "Maldives signs $1.4bn currency swap deal with India." Al Jazeera, December 17. Accessed September 23, 2023. 
- Zahir, Ahmed. 2019. "Solih's family and allies benefit from India-funded projects." Mihaaru, October 20. Accessed September 23, 2023.

Friday, September 22, 2023

The Ethical Imperative of Media Neutrality: Guarding Democracy Amidst Partisanship

In an era of rapidly evolving media landscapes and the incessant flow of information, the ethical and moral obligations of media personnel have taken center stage. The cornerstone of responsible journalism is the commitment to producing fair and accurate reports and opinions. However, a disturbing trend has emerged where political bias, fueled by lucrative exclusivity deals with a single party, threatens the very essence of impartial journalism. Equally disconcerting is the perceived inaction of media regulatory authorities in addressing this growing concern.

Media personnel wield immense power and influence, as their words shape public opinion and, consequently, the course of our democracies. The ethical obligation they bear is to provide balanced and unbiased coverage, enabling citizens to make informed decisions. Sadly, some media professionals have succumbed to the allure of substantial paychecks offered by political parties in exchange for exclusive promotion of their content. This unholy alliance between media outlets and political entities undermines the principles of neutrality and objectivity, eroding the trust citizens place in the media.

One must question the moral compass of media personnel who prioritize financial gains over their duty to serve as the fourth estate, safeguarding democracy. By aligning themselves exclusively with a single party, they effectively become propaganda machines, drowning out opposing voices and hindering healthy political discourse. This not only distorts the information ecosystem but also undermines the public's ability to critically evaluate different perspectives.

Media regulatory authorities play a pivotal role in upholding journalistic standards and ethics. However, their apparent inaction in the face of these egregious ethical violations raises concerns about their effectiveness. To maintain the public's trust, regulatory bodies must be proactive in investigating and addressing instances of partisan bias in the media. This includes enforcing existing regulations, revising outdated codes of conduct, and promoting transparency in media ownership.

Furthermore, media outlets themselves must cultivate a culture of responsibility and accountability. They should adopt stringent ethical guidelines that prohibit exclusive partnerships with political entities and prioritize objective reporting. Editors and journalists should remain vigilant in upholding these standards, as their credibility hinges on their commitment to impartiality.

The ethical and moral obligation of media personnel to provide fair and accurate reporting cannot be overstated. The corrosive influence of political bias fueled by exclusive deals with single political parties threatens the very fabric of our democracies. Media regulatory authorities must rise to the occasion and take appropriate measures to curb this concerning trend. Ultimately, the media's role as a guardian of democracy relies on its unwavering commitment to truth, balance, and impartiality, free from the shackles of partisan interests. Only then can we hope to preserve the integrity of our information ecosystem and the health of our democracies.

Wednesday, September 20, 2023

Comparing Governance Models: Parliamentary vs. Presidential Systems

In the realm of democracy, countries have the task of selecting a governance model that best suits their unique needs and challenges. This choice often boils down to two prevalent systems: the parliamentary system and the presidential system. Each system brings its own set of advantages and disadvantages, making the decision a critical one for any nation. In this article, I will delve into the characteristics of these systems, comparing their merits and shortcomings. Furthermore, I will analyze which model may be most suitable for a small developing country like the Maldives. Additionally, I will explore how politicians could potentially exploit the parliamentary system, hindering national development and causing citizens to suffer.

Parliamentary System:
In a parliamentary system, the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (parliament). The head of government (Prime Minister) is typically the leader of the majority party in the parliament.

1. Efficient decision-making due to the close relationship between the executive and legislative branches.
2. Flexibility to change leadership quickly through votes of no confidence.
3. Promotes stable governance when the majority party maintains support.

1. Lack of separation of powers can lead to potential abuses of power.
2. The dominance of the majority party can stifle dissenting voices.
3. Coalition governments can be unstable and lead to frequent elections.

Presidential System:
In a presidential system, the executive branch is separate from the legislative branch. The president is elected independently of the legislature and serves a fixed term.

1. Clear separation of powers prevents one branch from dominating the other.
2. Stable leadership for a fixed term can provide predictability.
3. Accountability is often more direct through presidential elections.

1. Gridlock can occur if the president and legislature belong to different parties.
2. Difficulty in removing an ineffective president before the end of the term.
3. Tendency for a winner-takes-all approach in elections can lead to polarization.

Suitability for the Maldives:
For a small developing country like the Maldives, a parliamentary system may be more suitable due to its potential for efficient decision-making and adaptability. However, it's crucial to address the risk of politicians using the system to gain undue power.

Challenges with Parliamentary Systems:
1. Power Concentration: The majority party or coalition can accumulate significant power, potentially leading to abuses and a lack of checks and balances.

2. Clientelism: Politicians may engage in patronage and favoritism to secure support, hindering national development by diverting resources away from needed projects.

3. Short-Term Focus: Frequent elections can encourage politicians to prioritize short-term gains over long-term development.

To mitigate these challenges, Maldives should implement strong democratic institutions, promote transparency, and ensure an independent judiciary to uphold the rule of law. Additionally, civil society and media should play a vital role in holding politicians accountable for their actions.

Tuesday, September 19, 2023

Debt Restructuring and Refinancing: A Comparative Analysis in the Context of Cross-Country Debt Dependency


Debt is a double-edged sword that can either propel a nation's growth or suffocate its economy. In today's interconnected world, countries often borrow from other nations or international financial institutions to fund their development projects and meet fiscal obligations. However, when a country becomes heavily indebted to a single source, such as another country, managing and alleviating the debt burden becomes a complex challenge. This essay explores the concepts of debt restructuring and refinancing while comparing the two within the context of a heavily indebted nation reliant on a single foreign source of lending.

I. Debt Restructuring

Debt restructuring is a financial strategy employed by indebted nations to reconfigure the terms of their existing debt. This process typically involves negotiating with creditors to modify the terms of the debt, such as extending the maturity, reducing interest rates, or even forgiving a portion of the principal. Debt restructuring is often pursued when a country faces financial distress, as it aims to provide temporary relief and restore fiscal stability.

1. Pros of Debt Restructuring:

a. Immediate Relief: Debt restructuring can provide immediate relief to a nation's financial woes by reducing the burden of high-interest payments.

b. Negotiation Leverage: It offers countries the opportunity to negotiate more favorable terms with creditors, potentially reducing the overall debt burden.

c. Avoid Default: By addressing debt issues proactively, countries can avoid default, which could have severe consequences for their creditworthiness.

2. Cons of Debt Restructuring:

a. Loss of Credibility: Debt restructuring can damage a nation's credibility in the international financial markets, making it more challenging to secure future financing.

b. Moral Hazard: Creditors may be less inclined to lend in the future if they believe countries can renegotiate their debts at will, potentially promoting irresponsible borrowing.

c. Complex Negotiations: The negotiations involved in debt restructuring can be protracted and challenging, requiring skilled negotiators and legal experts.

II. Debt Refinancing

Debt refinancing is another strategy utilized by indebted nations to manage their financial obligations. Unlike debt restructuring, which involves modifying existing debts, refinancing involves replacing old debt with new debt that typically carries more favorable terms. Nations often seek to refinance when market conditions become more favorable or when they anticipate improved economic prospects.

1. Pros of Debt Refinancing:

a. Lower Costs: Refinancing can result in lower interest rates and reduced overall debt servicing costs.

b. Improved Terms: Nations can replace high-interest, short-term debt with longer-term, more manageable loans.

c. Market Access: Successful refinancing demonstrates a nation's access to international capital markets, bolstering its creditworthiness.

2. Cons of Debt Refinancing:

a. Market Volatility: Refinancing plans can be thwarted by unfavorable market conditions or increased interest rates.

b. Roll-Over Risk: The strategy relies on the ability to secure new loans, which may not always be guaranteed in volatile economic environments.

c. Over-Reliance on Debt: Continual refinancing can create a cycle of debt dependency if not complemented by sound fiscal policies and economic growth.

Comparative Analysis

Debt restructuring and debt refinancing are distinct approaches to managing debt-related challenges. The choice between the two depends on a nation's specific circumstances, including the severity of its debt burden, market conditions, and its relationships with creditors, especially when the debt is sourced from another country.

In the case of a nation heavily reliant on a single foreign source for its debt, both strategies have their merits and drawbacks. Debt restructuring can offer immediate relief and address pressing fiscal issues, but it may strain diplomatic relations with the lending country. Refinancing, on the other hand, can be a more diplomatic approach as it seeks to replace old debt with new, potentially more lenient terms, but it requires access to international capital markets and favorable market conditions.


Debt restructuring and refinancing are critical tools for nations facing the complexities of high debt levels, especially when the debt originates from a single foreign source. The choice between these strategies should be carefully considered, taking into account the nation's financial situation, market conditions, and diplomatic considerations. Ultimately, the goal should be to alleviate the debt burden while promoting long-term fiscal stability and sustainable economic growth. Balancing these objectives is essential to ensuring a nation's prosperity and credibility in the global financial landscape.

Friday, August 18, 2023

Unveiling the Distinction: Gift vs. Bribe

Gifts and bribes are two terms often intertwined, yet they hold distinct meanings and implications in various contexts. While they both involve the exchange of something valuable, the intentions and consequences behind these actions diverge significantly. Let's delve into the differences between gifts and bribes to better understand their nuances.

Gifts: Acts of Kindness and Appreciation

Gift-giving is a universal practice that spans cultures and societies. A gift is usually presented with genuine intentions of expressing gratitude, love, or appreciation. Whether it's a birthday present, a holiday gift, or a token of thanks, gifts are meant to create positive feelings and foster relationships. The act of giving a gift doesn't necessarily expect anything in return; the joy comes from making someone else happy. Gifts can range from tangible items to experiences or even acts of service.

Bribes: Undue Influence and Corruption

Bribes, on the other hand, involve an element of manipulation and dishonesty. A bribe is typically offered with the intention of influencing the recipient to act in a certain way, often against their better judgment or ethical principles. Bribes can come in various forms, such as money, goods, favors, or promises of future benefits. Unlike gifts, bribes carry an implicit expectation of reciprocation that may be harmful to fairness, justice, and the well-being of individuals or institutions.

Key Differences: Intent and Consequences

The fundamental distinction between gifts and bribes lies in the intent behind the exchange and the potential consequences that follow. A gift is an act of goodwill, fostering positive relationships and enhancing social bonds. It is given openly and without hidden motives, with the primary aim of bringing joy and connection.

Conversely, a bribe has an ulterior motive of gaining an unfair advantage, influencing decisions, or even manipulating outcomes. The aftermath of accepting a bribe often leads to compromised integrity, unethical behavior, and a degradation of trust in both personal and professional relationships.

Navigating Gray Areas

Despite the clear differences, there can be situations that blur the lines between gifts and bribes. In some cultures, gift-giving is deeply ingrained, and what might appear as a bribe from an outside perspective could be a customary gesture. It's important to consider the cultural context, intentions, and implications of the exchange to make an accurate judgment.

Honoring Intentions and Values

In a world where appearances can be deceiving, distinguishing between gifts and bribes is crucial. The heart of the matter lies in the intentions and outcomes of the exchange. Gifts contribute positively to relationships, while bribes undermine trust and integrity. As individuals, we must remain vigilant and ethical in our interactions, upholding values that prioritize fairness, honesty, and respect.

By understanding the fundamental disparities between gifts and bribes, we can make informed choices that foster positive connections and contribute to the betterment of society as a whole.

Wednesday, July 12, 2023

Methane Emission at Landfills: A Potent Contributor to Climate Change

Landfills are significant sources of methane gas, a potent greenhouse gas (GHG) that contributes to climate change. The emission process of methane gas at landfills occurs during the decomposition of organic materials present in municipal solid waste (MSW). Here's a breakdown of the process:

1. Waste Disposal: MSW is collected and deposited in landfills, where it undergoes compaction and burial.

2. Anaerobic Conditions: Once in the landfill, the organic waste decomposes under anaerobic (oxygen-deprived) conditions. This anaerobic environment promotes the growth of methanogenic bacteria, which thrive in the absence of oxygen.

3. Methane Production: Methanogenic bacteria break down organic matter through a series of biological reactions known as anaerobic digestion. This process produces methane (CH4) as a byproduct, along with carbon dioxide (CO2) and small amounts of other gases.

4. Gas Migration: As methane is generated, it migrates through the landfill's porous materials and reaches the atmosphere. It can escape through vents, cracks, and other openings in the landfill cover.

Methane is a particularly harmful GHG due to its high global warming potential (GWP). In the short term, methane is approximately 28-36 times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere compared to carbon dioxide. Although methane persists for a shorter period (around 12 years) in the atmosphere compared to carbon dioxide, its impact on global warming is significant.

When comparing methane to other gases like carbon monoxide (CO) or carbon dioxide (CO2) released during the burning of waste, here are some key differences:

1. Global Warming Potential: Methane has a significantly higher GWP compared to carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide. For example, methane's GWP over a 100-year timeframe is about 28-36 times higher than carbon dioxide, while carbon monoxide has a negligible GWP.

2. Persistence: Methane has a shorter atmospheric lifetime compared to carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide can remain in the atmosphere for hundreds to thousands of years, contributing to long-term climate change. In contrast, methane breaks down relatively quickly over approximately 12 years, but its impact during that time is more potent.

3. Toxicity: Carbon monoxide is highly toxic and can cause severe health effects in humans and animals when present in high concentrations. Carbon dioxide, while not directly toxic, contributes to climate change and can cause indirect harm through its impact on the environment. Methane, though not toxic, is a powerful greenhouse gas and plays a significant role in global warming.

Therefore, the emission of methane gas during the decomposition of municipal solid waste in landfills is a significant concern due to its high global warming potential. While carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are also released during waste burning, methane stands out as a particularly harmful gas in terms of its contribution to climate change. Reducing methane emissions from landfills is crucial for mitigating the impact of greenhouse gases on the environment.

Wednesday, June 21, 2023

Understanding the Distinction: Joking vs. Insulting - Intentions and Impacts

Joking and insulting are two distinct forms of communication that involve different intentions and effects. While they both involve making remarks about someone or something, the underlying motives and impacts set them apart. Here's a write-up differentiating joking from insulting:

Joking is a lighthearted form of communication that aims to entertain, create humor, or foster camaraderie among individuals. It involves making witty or clever remarks, often employing irony, sarcasm, or wordplay, with the intention of eliciting laughter or amusement. Here are some key characteristics of joking:

1. Intent: Joking is typically intended to be playful, friendly, and non-malicious. The primary goal is to generate humor and promote a positive atmosphere among participants.

2. Context: Jokes are often shared in social settings, such as during casual conversations, gatherings, or comedic performances. They are generally understood to be a form of entertainment.

3. Tone: Jokes are usually delivered with a light-hearted tone and accompanied by laughter or smiles. The intent is to create a sense of joy and amusement.

4. Subject matter: Jokes can revolve around various topics, including everyday situations, wordplay, cultural references, or observational humor. They often involve exaggeration or absurdity for comedic effect.

5. Impact: Jokes, when received positively, can foster bonding, relieve tension, and enhance social interactions. They are not meant to cause harm or offend the target of the joke.

Insulting, on the other hand, involves making derogatory or offensive remarks with the intention of belittling, offending, or demeaning someone. Insults are often meant to express disdain, provoke negative emotions, or assert dominance. Here are some distinguishing features of insults:

1. Intent: Insulting remarks are typically intended to hurt, offend, or undermine the dignity of the recipient. The primary goal is to assert power or superiority over the target.

2. Context: Insults can occur in various contexts, both personal and public, but they are generally associated with negative interactions or conflicts rather than friendly banter.

3. Tone: Insults are delivered with a hostile or negative tone, often accompanied by anger, contempt, or derision. The intent is to provoke a negative emotional response.

4. Subject matter: Insults often target personal attributes, such as appearance, intelligence, abilities, or character flaws. They aim to attack the self-esteem or pride of the individual.

5. Impact: Insults have a negative impact on the recipient, often leading to hurt feelings, anger, or damaged relationships. They can create a hostile environment and erode trust between people.

Differentiating Joking and Insulting:
While the line between joking and insulting can sometimes be subjective and context-dependent, the following factors can help distinguish between the two:

1. Intention: Joking intends to entertain, amuse, or create a positive atmosphere, whereas insulting aims to demean, offend, or assert dominance.

2. Tone and Emotion: Joking is characterized by a lighthearted tone, laughter, and positive emotions, whereas insulting involves a hostile tone, negative emotions, and the intent to hurt.

3. Impact: Joking usually generates laughter, camaraderie, and positive social interactions, whereas insulting causes hurt, offense, and strained relationships.

4. Recipient's Reaction: Jokes are typically well-received and elicit laughter or amusement from the recipient, while insults evoke negative emotions and defensive reactions.

5. Social Norms: Joking is often guided by social norms of appropriateness, respect, and consent, whereas insulting violates these norms and can be seen as socially unacceptable behavior.

It is important to consider the feelings and reactions of others when engaging in communication. Understanding the distinction between joking and insulting is crucial for maintaining healthy relationships and promoting positive interactions.

When engaging in joking, it is essential to be mindful of the context and the impact it may have on others. What may be considered humorous in one situation or among a particular group of people might not be well-received in a different setting. It's important to gauge the audience and ensure that everyone involved is comfortable with the jokes being made. Consent and respect for boundaries play a significant role in determining the appropriateness of joking.

Additionally, it is vital to be aware of the potential consequences of jokes that may inadvertently cross the line into insult territory. Sometimes, even with good intentions, jokes can unintentionally hurt someone's feelings or offend them. In such cases, it is essential to listen to the concerns of the affected individual, acknowledge their emotions, and apologize if necessary. Open and honest communication can help address any misunderstandings and prevent further harm.

On the other hand, insulting remarks should be avoided altogether in most circumstances. While it's natural for disagreements or conflicts to arise, resorting to insults is counterproductive and can escalate the situation further. Instead, it is advisable to engage in constructive dialogue, expressing concerns or disagreements respectfully and focusing on the issue at hand rather than attacking the person.

By understanding the distinction between joking and insulting, we can foster a culture of empathy, understanding, and inclusivity in our interactions. It is important to consider the diverse backgrounds, experiences, and sensitivities of others when communicating. Cultivating a sense of humor that uplifts, connects, and brings joy while avoiding demeaning or hurtful language is crucial for maintaining healthy relationships and a positive social environment.

In conclusion, joking and insulting are two distinct forms of communication with contrasting intentions and effects. Joking aims to entertain, create humor, and foster camaraderie, while insulting intends to demean, offend, or assert dominance. By considering factors such as intention, tone, impact, recipient's reaction, and social norms, we can better differentiate between the two. Striving for respectful and considerate communication helps promote positive interactions, maintain healthy relationships, and create a more inclusive and empathetic society.